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std::unordered_map::find(3) C++ Standard Libary std::unordered_map::find(3)


std::unordered_map::find - std::unordered_map::find


iterator find( const Key& key ); (1)
const_iterator find( const Key& key ) const; (2)
template< class K > iterator find( const K& x ); (3) (since C++20)
template< class K > const_iterator find( const K& x ) const; (4) (since C++20)

1,2) Finds an element with key equivalent to key.
3,4) Finds an element with key that compares equivalent to the value x. This
overload participates in overload resolution only if Hash::is_transparent and
KeyEqual::is_transparent are valid and each denotes a type. This assumes that such
Hash is callable with both K and Key type, and that the KeyEqual is transparent,
which, together, allows calling this function without constructing an instance of


key - key value of the element to search for
x - a value of any type that can be transparently compared with a key

Return value

Iterator to an element with key equivalent to key. If no such element is found,
past-the-end (see end()) iterator is returned.


Constant on average, worst case linear in the size of the container.


Feature-test macro: __cpp_lib_generic_unordered_lookup (for overloads (3,4))


// Run this code

#include <cstddef>
#include <iostream>
#include <functional>
#include <string>
#include <string_view>
#include <unordered_map>

using namespace std::literals;
using std::size_t;

struct string_hash
using hash_type = std::hash<std::string_view>;
using is_transparent = void;

size_t operator()(const char* str) const { return hash_type{}(str); }
size_t operator()(std::string_view str) const { return hash_type{}(str); }
size_t operator()(std::string const& str) const { return hash_type{}(str); }

int main()
// simple comparison demo
std::unordered_map<int,char> example = {{1,'a'},{2,'b'}};

auto search = example.find(2);
if (search != example.end()) {
std::cout << "Found " << search->first << " " << search->second << '\n';
} else {
std::cout << "Not found\n";

// C++20 demo: Heterogeneous lookup for unordered containers (transparent hashing)
std::unordered_map<std::string, size_t, string_hash, std::equal_to<>> map{ {"one"s, 1} };
std::cout << std::boolalpha
<< (map.find("one") != map.end()) << '\n'
<< (map.find("one"s) != map.end()) << '\n'
<< (map.find("one"sv) != map.end()) << '\n';


Found 2 b

See also

count returns the number of elements matching specific key
(C++11) (public member function)
equal_range returns range of elements matching a specific key
(C++11) (public member function)