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std::wcsrtombs(3) C++ Standard Libary std::wcsrtombs(3)


std::wcsrtombs - std::wcsrtombs


Defined in header <cwchar>
std::size_t wcsrtombs( char* dst,

const wchar_t** src,
std::size_t len,

std::mbstate_t* ps );

Converts a sequence of wide characters from the array whose first element is pointed
to by *src to its narrow multibyte representation that begins in the conversion
state described by *ps. If dst is not null, converted characters are stored in the
successive elements of the char array pointed to by dst. No more than len bytes are
written to the destination array.

Each character is converted as if by a call to std::wcrtomb. The conversion stops

* The null character was converted and stored. src is set to a null pointer and
*ps represents the initial shift state.
* A wchar_t was found that does not correspond to a valid character in the current
C locale. src is set to point at the first unconverted wide character.
* the next multibyte character to be stored would exceed len. src is set to point
at the first unconverted wide character. This condition is not checked if dst is
a null pointer.


dst - pointer to narrow character array where the multibyte characters will be
src - pointer to pointer to the first element of a null-terminated wide string
len - number of bytes available in the array pointed to by dst
ps - pointer to the conversion state object

Return value

On success, returns the number of bytes (including any shift sequences, but
excluding the terminating '\0') written to the character array whose first element
is pointed to by dst. If dst is a null pointer, returns the number of bytes that
would have been written (again, excluding the terminating null character '\0').

On conversion error (if invalid wide character was encountered), returns
static_cast<std::size_t>(-1), stores EILSEQ in errno, and leaves *ps in unspecified


// Run this code

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <clocale>
#include <string>
#include <cwchar>

void print_wide(const wchar_t* wstr)
std::mbstate_t state = std::mbstate_t();
std::size_t len = 1 + std::wcsrtombs(nullptr, &wstr, 0, &state);
std::vector<char> mbstr(len);
std::wcsrtombs(&mbstr[0], &wstr, mbstr.size(), &state);
std::cout << "multibyte string: " << &mbstr[0] << '\n'
<< "Length, including '\\0': " << mbstr.size() << '\n';

int main()
std::setlocale(LC_ALL, "en_US.utf8");
// UTF-8 narrow multibyte encoding
const wchar_t* wstr = L"z\u00df\u6c34\U0001d10b"; // or L"zß水𝄋"


multibyte string: zß水𝄋
Length, including '\0': 11

See also

wcrtomb converts a wide character to its multibyte representation, given state
mbsrtowcs converts a narrow multibyte character string to wide string, given state
do_out converts a string from internT to externT, such as when writing to file
[virtual] (virtual protected member function of std::codecvt<InternT,ExternT,State>)