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std::regex_constants::syntax_option_type(3) C++ Standard Libary std::regex_constants::syntax_option_type(3)


std::regex_constants::syntax_option_type - std::regex_constants::syntax_option_type


Defined in header <regex>
typedef /*unspecified*/ syntax_option_type; (since C++11)
constexpr syntax_option_type icase = /*unspecified*/;

constexpr syntax_option_type nosubs = /*unspecified*/;
constexpr syntax_option_type optimize = /*unspecified*/;
constexpr syntax_option_type collate = /*unspecified*/;
constexpr syntax_option_type ECMAScript = /*unspecified*/; (since C++11)
constexpr syntax_option_type basic = /*unspecified*/; (until C++17)
constexpr syntax_option_type extended = /*unspecified*/;
constexpr syntax_option_type awk = /*unspecified*/;
constexpr syntax_option_type grep = /*unspecified*/;

constexpr syntax_option_type egrep = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type icase = /*unspecified*/;

inline constexpr syntax_option_type nosubs = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type optimize = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type collate = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type ECMAScript = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type basic = /*unspecified*/; (since C++17)
inline constexpr syntax_option_type extended = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type awk = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type grep = /*unspecified*/;
inline constexpr syntax_option_type egrep = /*unspecified*/;

inline constexpr syntax_option_type multiline = /*unspecified*/;

The syntax_option_type is a BitmaskType that contains options that govern how
regular expressions behave.

The possible values for this type (icase, optimize, etc.) are duplicated inside


Value Effect(s)
icase Character matching should be performed without regard to case.
When performing matches, all marked sub-expressions (expr) are
nosubs treated as non-marking sub-expressions (?:expr). No matches are
stored in the supplied std::regex_match structure and mark_count()
is zero.
Instructs the regular expression engine to make matching faster,
optimize with the potential cost of making construction slower. For
example, this might mean converting a non-deterministic FSA to a
deterministic FSA.
collate Character ranges of the form "[a-b]" will be locale sensitive.
multiline (C++17) Specifies that ^ shall match the beginning of a line and $ shall
match the end of a line, if the ECMAScript engine is selected.
ECMAScript Use the Modified ECMAScript regular expression grammar.
basic Use the basic POSIX regular expression grammar (grammar
extended Use the extended POSIX regular expression grammar (grammar
awk Use the regular expression grammar used by the awk utility in
POSIX (grammar documentation).
Use the regular expression grammar used by the grep utility in
grep POSIX. This is effectively the same as the basic option with the
addition of newline '\n' as an alternation separator.
Use the regular expression grammar used by the grep utility, with
egrep the -E option, in POSIX. This is effectively the same as the
extended option with the addition of newline '\n' as an
alternation separator in addition to '|'.

At most one grammar option must be chosen out of ECMAScript, basic, extended, awk,
grep, egrep. If no grammar is chosen, ECMAScript is assumed to be selected. The
other options serve as modifiers, such that std::regex("meow", std::regex::icase) is
equivalent to std::regex("meow", std::regex::ECMAScript|std::regex::icase).


Because POSIX uses "leftmost longest" matching rule (the longest matching
subsequence is matched, and if there are several such subsequences, the first one is
matched), it is not suitable, for example, for parsing markup languages: a POSIX
regex such as "<tag[^>]*>.*</tag>" would match everything from the first "<tag" to
the last "</tag>", including every "</tag>" and "<tag>" inbetween. On the other
hand, ECMAScript supports non-greedy matches, and the ECMAScript regex
"<tag[^>]*>.*?</tag>" would match only until the first closing tag.

In C++11, these constants were specified with redundant keyword static, which was
removed by C++14 via LWG issue 2053


Illustrates the difference in the matching algorithm between ECMAScript and POSIX
regular expressions

// Run this code

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <regex>

int main()
std::string str = "zzxayyzz";
std::regex re1(".*(a|xayy)"); // ECMA
std::regex re2(".*(a|xayy)", std::regex::extended); // POSIX

std::cout << "Searching for .*(a|xayy) in zzxayyzz:\n";
std::smatch m;
std::regex_search(str, m, re1);
std::cout << " ECMA (depth first search) match: " << m[0] << '\n';
std::regex_search(str, m, re2);
std::cout << " POSIX (leftmost longest) match: " << m[0] << '\n';


Searching for .*(a|xayy) in zzxayyzz:
ECMA (depth first search) match: zzxa
POSIX (leftmost longest) match: zzxayy

See also

basic_regex regular expression object
(C++11) (class template)