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std::list::remove,remove_if(3) C++ Standard Libary std::list::remove,remove_if(3)


std::list::remove,remove_if - std::list::remove,remove_if


void remove( const T& value ); (until C++20)
size_type remove( const T& value ); (since C++20)
template< class UnaryPredicate > (1) (until C++20)
void remove_if( UnaryPredicate p ); (2)
template< class UnaryPredicate > (since C++20)
size_type remove_if( UnaryPredicate p );

Removes all elements satisfying specific criteria.

1) Removes all elements that are equal to value.
2) Removes all elements for which predicate p returns true.


value - value of the elements to remove
unary predicate which returns true if the element should be removed.

The expression p(v) must be convertible to bool for every argument v of type
p - (possibly const) T, regardless of value category, and must not modify v.
Thus, a parameter type of T&is not allowed
, nor is T unless for T a move is equivalent to a copy
(since C++11).

Return value

(none) (until C++20)
The number of elements removed. (since C++20)


Linear in the size of the container


Feature-test macro: __cpp_lib_list_remove_return_type


// Run this code

#include <list>
#include <iostream>

int main()
std::list<int> l = { 1,100,2,3,10,1,11,-1,12 };

auto count1 = l.remove(1);
std::cout << count1 << " elements equal to 1 were removed\n";

auto count2 = l.remove_if([](int n){ return n > 10; });
std::cout << count2 << " elements greater than 10 were removed\n";

std::cout << "Finally, the list contains: ";
for (int n : l) {
std::cout << n << ' ';
std::cout << '\n';


2 elements equal to 1 were removed
3 elements greater than 10 were removed
Finally, the list contains: 2 3 10 -1

See also

remove removes elements satisfying specific criteria
remove_if (function template)