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std::jthread::request_stop(3) C++ Standard Libary std::jthread::request_stop(3)


std::jthread::request_stop - std::jthread::request_stop


bool request_stop() noexcept; (since C++20)

Issues a stop request to the internal stop-state, if it has not yet already had stop

The determination is made atomically, and if stop was requested, the stop-state is
atomically updated to avoid race conditions, such that:

* stop_requested() and stop_possible() can be concurrently invoked on other
std::stop_tokens and std::stop_sources of the same shared stop-state
* request_stop() can be concurrently invoked from multiple threads on the same
jthread object or on other std::stop_source objects associated with the same
stop-state, and only one will actually perform the stop request

However, see the Notes section.



Return value

true if this invocation made a stop request, otherwise false


For a std::stop_token retrieved by get_stop_token() or a std::stop_source retrieved
by get_stop_source(), stop_requested() is true.


If the request_stop() does issue a stop request (i.e., returns true), then any
std::stop_callbacks registered for the same associated stop-state will be invoked
synchronously, on the same thread request_stop() is issued on. If an invocation of a
callback exits via an exception, std::terminate is called.

If a stop request has already been made, this function returns false. However there
is no guarantee that another thread or std::stop_source object which has just
(successfully) requested stop for the same stop-state is not still in the middle of
invoking a std::stop_callback function.

If the request_stop() does issue a stop request (i.e., returns true), then all
condition variables of base type std::condition_variable_any registered with an
interruptible wait for std::stop_tokens associated with the jthread's internal
stop-state will be awoken.


// Run this code

#include <iostream>
#include <thread>
#include <chrono>
#include <mutex>
#include <condition_variable>

using namespace std::chrono_literals;

int main()
// A sleepy worker thread
std::jthread sleepy_worker([](std::stop_token stoken) {
for (int i = 10; i; --i) {
if (stoken.stop_requested()) {
std::cout << "Sleepy worker is requested to stop\n";
std::cout << "Sleepy worker goes back to sleep\n";

// A waiting worker thread
// The condition variable will be awoken by the stop request.
std::jthread waiting_worker([](std::stop_token stoken) {
std::mutex mutex;
std::unique_lock lock(mutex);
std::condition_variable_any().wait(lock, stoken,
[&stoken] { return false; });
if (stoken.stop_requested()) {
std::cout << "Waiting worker is requested to stop\n";

// std::jthread::request_stop() can be called explicitly:
std::cout << "Requesting stop of sleepy worker\n";
std::cout << "Sleepy worker joined\n";

// Or automatically using RAII:
// waiting_worker's destructor will call request_stop()
// and join the thread automatically.

Possible output:

Requesting stop of sleepy worker
Sleepy worker is requested to stop
Sleepy worker joined
Waiting worker is requested to stop