Scroll to navigation

std::is_layout_compatible(3) C++ Standard Libary std::is_layout_compatible(3)


std::is_layout_compatible - std::is_layout_compatible


Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T, class U > (since C++20)
struct is_layout_compatible;

If T and U are layout-compatible types, provides the member constant value equal to
true. Otherwise value is false.

Every type is layout-compatible with its any cv-qualified versions, even if it is
not an object type.

T and U shall each be a complete type, (possibly cv-qualified) void, or an array of
unknown bound. Otherwise, the behavior is undefined.

If an instantiation of a template above depends, directly or indirectly, on an
incomplete type, and that instantiation could yield a different result if that type
were hypothetically completed, the behavior is undefined.

The behavior of a program that adds specializations for is_layout_compatible or
is_layout_compatible_v is undefined.

Helper variable template

template< class T, class U >
inline constexpr bool is_layout_compatible_v = (since C++20)
is_layout_compatible<T, U>::value;

Inherited from std::integral_constant

Member constants

value true if T and U are layout-compatible, false otherwise
[static] (public static member constant)

Member functions

operator bool converts the object to bool, returns value
(public member function)
operator() returns value
(C++14) (public member function)

Member types

Type Definition
value_type bool
type std::integral_constant<bool, value>


A signed integer type and its unsigned counterpart are not layout-compatible. char
is layout-compatible with neither signed char nor unsigned char.

Similar types are not layout-compatible if they are not the same type after ignoring
top-level cv-qualification.

An enumeration type and its underlying type are not layout-compatible.

Array types of layout-compatible but different element types (ignoring
cv-qualification) are not layout-compatible, even if they are of equal length.

Feature-test macro: __cpp_lib_is_layout_compatible


// Run this code

#include <type_traits>
#include <iomanip>
#include <iostream>

struct Foo {
int x;
char y;

class Bar {
const int u = 42;
volatile char v = '*';

enum E0 : int {};
enum class E1 : int {};

#define SHOW(...) std::cout << std::setw(54) << #__VA_ARGS__ << " = " << __VA_ARGS__ << '\n'

int main()
std::cout << std::boolalpha << std::left;
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<const void, volatile void>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<Foo, Bar>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<Foo[2], Bar[2]>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<int, E0>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<E0, E1>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<long, unsigned long>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<char*, const char*>);
SHOW(std::is_layout_compatible_v<char*, char* const>);


std::is_layout_compatible_v<const void, volatile void> = true
std::is_layout_compatible_v<Foo, Bar> = true
std::is_layout_compatible_v<Foo[2], Bar[2]> = false
std::is_layout_compatible_v<int, E0> = false
std::is_layout_compatible_v<E0, E1> = true
std::is_layout_compatible_v<long, unsigned long> = false
std::is_layout_compatible_v<char*, const char*> = false
std::is_layout_compatible_v<char*, char* const> = true

See also

is_standard_layout checks if a type is a standard-layout type
(C++11) (class template)