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std::experimental::filesystem::is_block_file(3) C++ Standard Libary std::experimental::filesystem::is_block_file(3)


std::experimental::filesystem::is_block_file - std::experimental::filesystem::is_block_file


Defined in header <experimental/filesystem>
bool is_block_file( file_status s ); (1) (filesystem TS)
bool is_block_file( const path& p ); (2) (filesystem TS)
bool is_block_file( const path& p, error_code& ec ) noexcept;

Checks if the given file status or path corresponds to a block special file, as if
determined by the POSIX S_ISBLK . Examples of block special files are block devices
such as /dev/sda or /dev/loop0 on Linux.

1) Equivalent to s.type() == file_type::block.
2) Equivalent to is_block_file(status(p)) or is_block_file(status(p, ec)).


s - file status to check
p - path to examine
ec - out-parameter for error reporting in the non-throwing overload

Return value

true if the file indicated by p or if the type indicated s refers to a block device.
The non-throwing overload returns false if an error occurs.


noexcept specification:

2) The overload that does not take an error_code& parameter throws filesystem_error
on underlying OS API errors, constructed with p as the first argument and the OS
error code as the error code argument. std::bad_alloc may be thrown if memory
allocation fails. The overload taking an error_code& parameter sets it to the OS API
error code if an OS API call fails, and executes ec.clear() if no errors occur. This
overload has
noexcept specification:


The information provided by this function is usually also provided as a byproduct of
directory iteration. During directory iteration, calling is_block_file(*iterator) is
less efficient than is_block_file(iterator->status()).


// Run this code

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <experimental/filesystem>
#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <unistd.h>

namespace fs = std::experimental::filesystem;

void demo_status(const fs::path& p, fs::file_status s)
std::cout << p;
// alternative: switch(s.type()) { case fs::file_type::regular: ... }
if (fs::is_regular_file(s))
std::cout << " is a regular file\n";
if (fs::is_directory(s))
std::cout << " is a directory\n";
if (fs::is_block_file(s))
std::cout << " is a block device\n";
if (fs::is_character_file(s))
std::cout << " is a character device\n";
if (fs::is_fifo(s))
std::cout << " is a named IPC pipe\n";
if (fs::is_socket(s))
std::cout << " is a named IPC socket\n";
if (fs::is_symlink(s))
std::cout << " is a symlink\n";
if (!fs::exists(s))
std::cout << " does not exist\n";

int main()
// create files of different kinds
std::ofstream("sandbox/file"); // create regular file
mkfifo("sandbox/pipe", 0644);
struct sockaddr_un addr;
addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
std::strcpy(addr.sun_path, "sandbox/sock");
int fd = socket(PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
bind(fd, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof addr);
fs::create_symlink("file", "sandbox/symlink");

// demo different status accessors
for (auto it = fs::directory_iterator("sandbox"); it != fs::directory_iterator(); ++it)
demo_status(*it, it->symlink_status()); // use cached status from directory entry
demo_status("dev/null", fs::status("/dev/null")); // direct calls to status
demo_status("dev/sda", fs::status("/dev/sda"));
demo_status("sandbox/no", fs::status("/sandbox/no"));

// cleanup

Possible output:

"sandbox/file" is a regular file
"sandbox/dir" is a directory
"sandbox/pipe" is a named IPC pipe
"sandbox/sock" is a named IPC socket
"sandbox/symlink" is a symlink
"dev/null" is a character device
"dev/sda" is a block device
"sandbox/no" does not exist

See also

status determines file attributes
symlink_status determines file attributes, checking the symlink target
file_status represents file type and permissions
status_known checks whether file status is known
is_character_file checks whether the given path refers to a character device
is_directory checks whether the given path refers to a directory
is_fifo checks whether the given path refers to a named pipe
is_other checks whether the argument refers to an other file
is_regular_file checks whether the argument refers to a regular file
is_socket checks whether the argument refers to a named IPC socket
is_symlink checks whether the argument refers to a symbolic link
exists checks whether path refers to existing file system object
cached status of the file designated by this directory entry
status cached symlink_status of the file designated by this directory
symlink_status entry
(public member function of


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