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LaTeXML::Util::Pathname(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation LaTeXML::Util::Pathname(3)


"LaTeXML::Util::Pathname" - portable pathname and file-system utilities


This module combines the functionality File::Spec and File::Basename to give a consistent set of filename utilities for LaTeXML. A pathname is represented by a simple string.

Pathname Manipulations

"$path = pathname_make(%peices);"
Constructs a pathname from the keywords in pieces
dir : directory
name : the filename (possibly with extension)
type : the filename extension
"($dir,$name,$type) = pathname_split($path);"
Splits the pathname $path into the components: directory, name and type.
"$path = pathname_canonical($path);"
Canonicallizes the pathname $path by simplifying repeated slashes, dots representing the current or parent directory, etc.
"$dir = pathname_directory($path);"
Returns the directory component of the pathname $path.
"$name = pathname_name($path);"
Returns the name component of the pathname $path.
"$type = pathname_type($path);"
Returns the type component of the pathname $path.
"$path = pathname_concat($dir,$file);"
Returns the pathname resulting from concatenating the directory $dir and filename $file.
"$boole = pathname_is_absolute($path);"
Returns whether the pathname $path appears to be an absolute pathname.
"$boole = pathname_is_url($path);"
Returns whether the pathname $path appears to be a url, rather than local file.
"$boole = pathname_is_literaldata($path);"
Returns whether the pathname $path is actually a blob of literal data, with a leading "literal:" protocol.
"$boole = pathname_is_raw($path);"
Check if pathname indicates a raw TeX source or definition file.
"$rel = pathname_is_contained($path,$base);"
Checks whether $path is underneath the directory $base; if so it returns the pathname $path relative to $base; otherwise returns undef.
"$path = pathname_relative($path,$base);"
If $path is an absolute, non-URL pathname, returns the pathname relative to the directory $base, otherwise simply returns the canonical form of $path.
"$path = pathname_absolute($path,$base);"
Returns the absolute pathname resulting from interpretting $path relative to the directory $base. If $path is already absolute, it is returned unchanged.
"$relative_url = pathname_to_url($path);"
Creates a local, relative URL for a given pathname, also ensuring proper path separators on non-Unix systems.

File System Operations

"$modtime = pathname_timestamp($path);"
Returns the modification time of the file named by $path, or undef if the file does not exist.
"$path = pathname_cwd();"
Returns the current working directory.
"$dir = pathname_mkdir($dir);"
Creates the directory $dir and all missing ancestors. It returns $dir if successful, else undef.
"$dest = pathname_copy($source,$dest);"
Copies the file $source to $dest if needed; ie. if $dest is missing or older than $source. It preserves the timestamp of $source.
"$path = pathname_find($name,%options);"
Finds the first file named $name that exists and that matches the specification in the keywords %options. An absolute pathname is returned.

If $name is not already an absolute pathname, then the option "paths" determines directories to recursively search. It should be a list of pathnames, any relative paths are interpreted relative to the current directory. If "paths" is omitted, then the current directory is searched.

If the option "installation_subdir" is given, it indicates, in addition to the above, a directory relative to the LaTeXML installation directory to search. This allows files included with the distribution to be found.

The "types" option specifies a list of filetypes to search for. If not supplied, then the filename must match exactly. The type "*" matches any extension.

"@paths = pathname_findall($name,%options);"
Like "pathname_find", but returns all matching (absolute) paths that exist.
"$path = pathname_kpsewhich(@names);"
Attempt to find a candidate name via the external "kpsewhich" capability of the system's TeX toolchain. If "kpsewhich" is not available, or the file is not found, returns a Perl undefined value.


Bruce Miller <>


Public domain software, produced as part of work done by the United States Government & not subject to copyright in the US.

2024-02-26 perl v5.40.0