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ILOGB(3P) | POSIX Programmer's Manual | ILOGB(3P) |

# PROLOG¶

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

# NAME¶

ilogb, ilogbf, ilogbl — return an unbiased exponent

# SYNOPSIS¶

#include <math.h>

int ilogb(doublex); int ilogbf(floatx); int ilogbl(long doublex);

# DESCRIPTION¶

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2017 defers to the ISO C standard.

These functions shall return the exponent part of their argument
*x*. Formally, the return value is the integral part of
${\mathrm{log}}_{r}\left|x\right|$
as a signed integral value, for non-zero *x*, where *r* is the
radix of the machine's floating-point arithmetic, which is the value of
FLT_RADIX defined in *<float.h>*.

An application wishing to check for error situations should set
*errno* to zero and call *feclearexcept*(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before
calling these functions. On return, if *errno* is non-zero or
*fetestexcept*(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW)
is non-zero, an error has occurred.

# RETURN VALUE¶

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the
exponent part of *x* as a signed integer value. They are equivalent to
calling the corresponding *logb*() function and casting the returned
value to type **int**.

If *x* is 0, the value FP_ILOGB0 shall be returned. On
XSI-conformant systems, a domain error shall occur;

otherwise, a domain error may occur.

If *x* is ±Inf, the value {INT_MAX} shall be returned.
On XSI-conformant systems, a domain error shall occur;

otherwise, a domain error may occur.

If *x* is a NaN, the value FP_ILOGBNAN shall be returned. On
XSI-conformant systems, a domain error shall occur;

otherwise, a domain error may occur.

If the correct value is greater than {INT_MAX}, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value shall be returned. On XSI-conformant systems, a domain error shall occur and {INT_MAX} shall be returned.

If the correct value is less than {INT_MIN}, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value shall be returned. On XSI-conformant systems, a domain error shall occur and {INT_MIN} shall be returned.

# ERRORS¶

These functions shall fail if:

- Domain Error
- The correct value is not representable as an integer.

The *x* argument is zero, NaN, or ±Inf.

If the integer expression (*math_errhandling* &
MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then *errno* shall be set to **[EDOM]**. If
the integer expression (*math_errhandling* & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is
non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

These functions may fail if:

- Domain Error
- The
*x*argument is zero, NaN, or ±Inf.

If the integer expression (*math_errhandling* &
MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then *errno* shall be set to **[EDOM]**. If
the integer expression (*math_errhandling* & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is
non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

*The following sections are informative.*

# EXAMPLES¶

None.

# APPLICATION USAGE¶

On error, the expressions (*math_errhandling* &
MATH_ERRNO) and (*math_errhandling* & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are
independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

# RATIONALE¶

The errors come from taking the expected floating-point value and
converting it to **int**, which is an invalid operation in
IEEE Std 754‐1985 (since overflow, infinity, and NaN
are not representable in a type **int**), so should be a domain
error.

There are no known implementations that overflow. For overflow to
happen, {INT_MAX} must be less than LDBL_MAX_EXP**log2*(FLT_RADIX) or
{INT_MIN} must be greater than LDBL_MIN_EXP**log2*(FLT_RADIX) if
subnormals are not supported, or {INT_MIN} must be greater than
(LDBL_MIN_EXP-LDBL_MANT_DIG)**log2*(FLT_RADIX) if subnormals are
supported.

# FUTURE DIRECTIONS¶

None.

# SEE ALSO¶

* feclearexcept()*,

*,*

*fetestexcept*()*,*

*logb*()

*scalbln*()The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, *Section
4.20*, *Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions*,
* <float.h>*,

**<math.h>**# COPYRIGHT¶

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .

2017 | IEEE/The Open Group |