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memcached_prepend - Appending to or Prepending Data


#include <libmemcached-1.0/memcached.h>
Compile and link with -lmemcached

  • ptr -- pointer to an initialized memcached_st struct
  • group_key -- key namespace
  • group_key_length -- length of the key namespace without any terminating zero
  • key -- the key
  • key_length -- length of the key without any terminating zero
  • value -- the value to append/prepend
  • value_length -- the length of the value without any terminating zero
  • expiration -- expiration as a unix timestamp or as relative expiration time in seconds
  • flags -- 16 bit flags

memcached_return_t indicating success


memcached_prepend() and memcached_append are used to modify information on a server. All methods take a key, and key_length to store the object. Keys are currently limited to 250 characters when using either a version of memcached which is 1.4 or below, or when using the text protocol. You must supply both a value and a length. Optionally you may set an expiration time for the object and a 16 bit value (it is meant to be used as a bitmap). flags is a 4 byte space that is stored along the main value. Many sub libraries make use of this field, so in most cases users should avoid making use of it.

memcached_prepend() places a segment of data before the last piece of data stored. Currently expiration and key are not used in the server.

memcached_append() places a segment of data at the end of the last piece of data stored. Currently expiration and key are not used in the server.

memcached_prepend_by_key() and memcached_append_by_key() methods both behave in a similar manner as the non key methods. The difference is that they use their group_key parameter to map objects to particular servers.

If you are looking for performance, memcached_set() with non-blocking IO is the fastest way to store data on the server.

All of the above functions are tested with the MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_USE_UDP behavior enabled. However, when using these operations with this behavior on, there are limits to the size of the payload being sent to the server. The reason for these limits is that the Memcached Server does not allow multi-datagram requests and the current server implementation sets a datagram size to 1400 bytes. Due to protocol overhead, the actual limit of the user supplied data is less than 1400 bytes and depends on the protocol in use as, well as the operation being executed. When running with the binary protocol, MEMCACHED_BEHAVIOR_BINARY_PROTOCOL, the size of the key,value, flags and expiry combined may not exceed 1368 bytes. When running with the ASCII protocol, the exact limit fluctuates depending on which function is being executed and whether the function is a cas operation or not. For non-cas ASCII set operations, there are at least 1335 bytes available to split among the key, key_prefix, and value; for cas ASCII operations there are at least 1318 bytes available to split among the key, key_prefix and value. If the total size of the command, including overhead, exceeds 1400 bytes, a MEMCACHED_WRITE_FAILURE will be returned.


All methods return a value of type memcached_return_t. On success the value will be MEMCACHED_SUCCESS.

Use memcached_strerror() to translate this value to a printable string.


memcached(1) libmemcached(3) memcached_strerror(3) memcached_set(3) memcached_add(3) memcached_cas(3) memcached_replace(3)

February 5, 2024 1.1