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hosts - enables serving zone data from a /etc/hosts style file.


The hosts plugin is useful for serving zones from a /etc/hosts file. It serves from a preloaded file that exists on disk. It checks the file for changes and updates the zones accordingly. This plugin only supports A, AAAA, and PTR records. The hosts plugin can be used with readily available hosts files that block access to advertising servers.

The plugin reloads the content of the hosts file every 5 seconds. Upon reload, CoreDNS will use the new definitions. Should the file be deleted, any inlined content will continue to be served. When the file is restored, it will then again be used.

If you want to pass the request to the rest of the plugin chain if there is no match in the hosts plugin, you must specify the fallthrough option.

This plugin can only be used once per Server Block.


Commonly the entries are of the form IP_address canonical_hostname [aliases...] as explained by the hosts(5) man page.

Examples:       localhost            example
::1                     localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fdfc:a744:27b5:3b0e::1 example


PTR records for reverse lookups are generated automatically by CoreDNS (based on the hosts file entries) and cannot be created manually.


hosts [FILE [ZONES...]] {

fallthrough [ZONES...] }

  • FILE the hosts file to read and parse. If the path is relative the path from the root plugin will be prepended to it. Defaults to /etc/hosts if omitted. We scan the file for changes every 5 seconds.
  • ZONES zones it should be authoritative for. If empty, the zones from the configuration block are used.
  • INLINE the hosts file contents inlined in Corefile. If there are any lines before fallthrough then all of them will be treated as the additional content for hosts file. The specified hosts file path will still be read but entries will be overridden.
  • ttl change the DNS TTL of the records generated (forward and reverse). The default is 3600 seconds (1 hour).
  • reload change the period between each hostsfile reload. A time of zero seconds disables the feature. Examples of valid durations: "300ms", "1.5h" or "2h45m". See Go's time ⟨⟩. package.
  • no_reverse disable the automatic generation of the or entries for the hosts
  • fallthrough If zone matches and no record can be generated, pass request to the next plugin. If [ZONES...] is omitted, then fallthrough happens for all zones for which the plugin is authoritative. If specific zones are listed (for example and, then only queries for those zones will be subject to fallthrough.


If monitoring is enabled (via the prometheus plugin) then the following metrics are exported:

  • coredns_hosts_entries{} - The combined number of entries in hosts and Corefile.
  • coredns_hosts_reload_timestamp_seconds{} - The timestamp of the last reload of hosts file.


Load /etc/hosts file.

. {

hosts }

Load example.hosts file in the current directory.

. {

hosts example.hosts }

Load example.hosts file and only serve and from it and fall through to the next plugin if query doesn't match.

. {

hosts example.hosts {
} }

Load hosts file inlined in Corefile.

example.hosts {

hosts {
whoami }


The form of the entries in the /etc/hosts file are based on IETF RFC 952 ⟨⟩ which was updated by IETF RFC 1123 ⟨⟩.

March 2021 CoreDNS