##
table of contents

GLLIGHT(3G) | GLLIGHT(3G) |

# NAME¶

**glLightf, glLighti, glLightfv, glLightiv** - set light source
parameters

# C SPECIFICATION¶

void **glLightf**( GLenum *light*,

GLenumpname, GLfloatparam)

void **glLighti**( GLenum *light*,

GLenumpname, GLintparam)

# PARAMETERS¶

*light*- Specifies a light. The number of lights depends on the implementation, but
at least eight lights are supported. They are identified by symbolic names
of the form
**GL_LIGHT**$i$ where 0 ≤ $i$ <**GL_MAX_LIGHTS**. *pname*- Specifies a single-valued light source parameter for
*light*.**GL_SPOT_EXPONENT**,**GL_SPOT_CUTOFF**,**GL_CONSTANT_ATTENUATION**,**GL_LINEAR_ATTENUATION**, and**GL_QUADRATIC_ATTENUATION**are accepted. *param*- Specifies the value that parameter
*pname*of light source*light*will be set to.

# C SPECIFICATION¶

void **glLightfv**( GLenum *light*,

GLenumpname, const GLfloat*params)

void **glLightiv**( GLenum *light*,

GLenumpname, const GLint*params)

# PARAMETERS¶

*light*- Specifies a light. The number of lights depends on the implementation, but
at least eight lights are supported. They are identified by symbolic names
of the form
**GL_LIGHT**$i$ where 0 ≤ $i$ <**GL_MAX_LIGHTS**. *pname*- Specifies a light source parameter for
*light*.**GL_AMBIENT**,**GL_DIFFUSE**,**GL_SPECULAR**,**GL_POSITION**,**GL_SPOT_CUTOFF**,**GL_SPOT_DIRECTION**,**GL_SPOT_EXPONENT**,**GL_CONSTANT_ATTENUATION**,**GL_LINEAR_ATTENUATION**, and**GL_QUADRATIC_ATTENUATION**are accepted. *params*- Specifies a pointer to the value or values that parameter
*pname*of light source*light*will be set to.

# DESCRIPTION¶

**glLight** sets the values of individual light source
parameters. *light* names the light and is a symbolic name of the form
**GL_LIGHT**
$i$
, where 0 ≤ i < **GL_MAX_LIGHTS**. *pname* specifies one of
ten light source parameters, again by symbolic name. *params* is either
a single value or a pointer to an array that contains the new values.

To enable and disable lighting calculation, call **glEnable**
and **glDisable** with argument **GL_LIGHTING**. Lighting is initially
disabled. When it is enabled, light sources that are enabled contribute to
the lighting calculation. Light source
$i$
is enabled and disabled using **glEnable** and **glDisable** with
argument **GL_LIGHT**
$i$
.

The ten light parameters are as follows:

**GL_AMBIENT***params*contains four integer or floating-point values that specify the ambient RGBA intensity of the light. Integer values are mapped linearly such that the most positive representable value maps to 1.0, and the most negative representable value maps to -1.0. Floating-point values are mapped directly. Neither integer nor floating-point values are clamped. The initial ambient light intensity is (0, 0, 0, 1).**GL_DIFFUSE***params*contains four integer or floating-point values that specify the diffuse RGBA intensity of the light. Integer values are mapped linearly such that the most positive representable value maps to 1.0, and the most negative representable value maps to -1.0. Floating-point values are mapped directly. Neither integer nor floating-point values are clamped. The initial value for**GL_LIGHT0**is (1, 1, 1, 1); for other lights, the initial value is (0, 0, 0, 0).**GL_SPECULAR***params*contains four integer or floating-point values that specify the specular RGBA intensity of the light. Integer values are mapped linearly such that the most positive representable value maps to 1.0, and the most negative representable value maps to -1.0. Floating-point values are mapped directly. Neither integer nor floating-point values are clamped. The initial value for**GL_LIGHT0**is (1, 1, 1, 1); for other lights, the initial value is (0, 0, 0, 0).**GL_POSITION***params*contains four integer or floating-point values that specify the position of the light in homogeneous object coordinates. Both integer and floating-point values are mapped directly. Neither integer nor floating-point values are clamped.

- The position is transformed by the modelview matrix when
**glLight**is called (just as if it were a point), and it is stored in eye coordinates. If the $w$ component of the position is 0, the light is treated as a directional source. Diffuse and specular lighting calculations take the light's direction, but not its actual position, into account, and attenuation is disabled. Otherwise, diffuse and specular lighting calculations are based on the actual location of the light in eye coordinates, and attenuation is enabled. The initial position is (0, 0, 1, 0); thus, the initial light source is directional, parallel to, and in the direction of the $-z$ axis.

**GL_SPOT_DIRECTION***params*contains three integer or floating-point values that specify the direction of the light in homogeneous object coordinates. Both integer and floating-point values are mapped directly. Neither integer nor floating-point values are clamped.

- The spot direction is transformed by the inverse of the modelview matrix
when
**glLight**is called (just as if it were a normal), and it is stored in eye coordinates. It is significant only when**GL_SPOT_CUTOFF**is not 180, which it is initially. The initial direction is (0, 0, -1).

**GL_SPOT_EXPONENT***params*is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies the intensity distribution of the light. Integer and floating-point values are mapped directly. Only values in the range [0,128] are accepted.

- Effective light intensity is attenuated by the cosine of the angle between
the direction of the light and the direction from the light to the vertex
being lighted, raised to the power of the spot exponent. Thus, higher spot
exponents result in a more focused light source, regardless of the spot
cutoff angle (see
**GL_SPOT_CUTOFF**, next paragraph). The initial spot exponent is 0, resulting in uniform light distribution.

**GL_SPOT_CUTOFF***params*is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies the maximum spread angle of a light source. Integer and floating-point values are mapped directly. Only values in the range [0,90] and the special value 180 are accepted. If the angle between the direction of the light and the direction from the light to the vertex being lighted is greater than the spot cutoff angle, the light is completely masked. Otherwise, its intensity is controlled by the spot exponent and the attenuation factors. The initial spot cutoff is 180, resulting in uniform light distribution.**GL_CONSTANT_ATTENUATION****GL_LINEAR_ATTENUATION****GL_QUADRATIC_ATTENUATION***params*is a single integer or floating-point value that specifies one of the three light attenuation factors. Integer and floating-point values are mapped directly. Only nonnegative values are accepted. If the light is positional, rather than directional, its intensity is attenuated by the reciprocal of the sum of the constant factor, the linear factor times the distance between the light and the vertex being lighted, and the quadratic factor times the square of the same distance. The initial attenuation factors are (1, 0, 0), resulting in no attenuation.

# NOTES¶

It is always the case that **GL_LIGHT**
$i$
= **GL_LIGHT0** +
$i$
.

# ERRORS¶

**GL_INVALID_ENUM** is generated if either *light* or
*pname* is not an accepted value.

**GL_INVALID_VALUE** is generated if a spot exponent value is
specified outside the range [0,128], or if spot cutoff is specified outside
the range [0,90] (except for the special value 180), or if a negative
attenuation factor is specified.

**GL_INVALID_OPERATION** is generated if **glLight** is
executed between the execution of **glBegin** and the corresponding
execution of **glEnd**.

# ASSOCIATED GETS¶

**glGetLight**

**glIsEnabled** with argument **GL_LIGHTING**

# SEE ALSO¶

**glColorMaterial(3G)**, **glLightModel(3G)**,
**glMaterial(3G)**