std::set_symmetric_difference(3)  C++ Standard Libary  std::set_symmetric_difference(3) 
NAME¶
std::set_symmetric_difference  std::set_symmetric_difference
Synopsis¶
Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class OutputIt
>
OutputIt set_symmetric_difference (1) (constexpr since C++20)
( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
OutputIt d_first );
template< class ExecutionPolicy,
class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2, class
ForwardIt3 >
ForwardIt3 set_symmetric_difference (2) (since C++17)
( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,
ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1,
ForwardIt2 first2, ForwardIt2 last2,
ForwardIt3 d_first );
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2,
class OutputIt, class Compare >
OutputIt set_symmetric_difference (3) (constexpr since C++20)
( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
OutputIt d_first, Compare comp );
template< class ExecutionPolicy,
class ForwardIt1, class ForwardIt2,
class ForwardIt3, class Compare >
ForwardIt3 set_symmetric_difference (4) (since C++17)
( ExecutionPolicy&& policy,
ForwardIt1 first1, ForwardIt1 last1,
ForwardIt2 first2, ForwardIt2 last2,
ForwardIt3 d_first, Compare comp );
Computes symmetric difference of two sorted ranges: the elements that are
found in
either of the ranges, but not in both of them are copied to the range
beginning at
d_first. The output range is also sorted.
If [first1, last1) contains m elements that are equivalent to each other and
[first2, last2) contains n elements that are equivalent to them, then
std::abs(m 
n) of those elements will be copied to the output range, preserving
order:
* if m > n, the final m  n of these elements from [first1, last1).
* if m < n, the final n  m of these elements from [first2, last2).
1) If [first1, last1) or [first2, last2) is not sorted with respect to
operator<
(until C++20)
std::less{}
(since C++20), the behavior is undefined.
3) If [first1, last1) or [first2, last2) is not sorted with respect to comp,
the
behavior is undefined.
2,4) Same as (1,3), but executed according to policy.
These overloads participate in overload resolution only if
std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is
true. (until
C++20)
std::is_execution_policy_v<std::remove_cvref_t<ExecutionPolicy>>
is true. (since
C++20)
If the output range overlaps with [first1, last1) or [first2, last2), the
behavior
is undefined.
Parameters¶
first1, last1  the first sorted range of elements
first2, last2  the second sorted range of elements
d_first  the beginning of the output range
policy  the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
comparison function object (i.e. an object that satisfies the
requirements of Compare) which returns true if the first argument is
less than (i.e. is ordered before) the second.
The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the
following:
bool cmp(const Type1& a, const Type2& b);
comp 
While the signature does not need to have const&, the function must
not modify the objects passed to it and must be able to accept all
values of type (possibly const) Type1 and Type2 regardless of value
category (thus, Type1& is not allowed
, nor is Type1 unless for Type1 a move is equivalent to a copy
(since C++11)).
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that objects of types
InputIt1 and InputIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly
converted to both Type1 and Type2.
Type requirements¶

InputIt1, InputIt2 must meet the requirements of LegacyInputIterator.

OutputIt must meet the requirements of LegacyOutputIterator.

ForwardIt1, ForwardIt2, ForwardIt3 must meet the requirements of
LegacyForwardIterator.

Compare must meet the requirements of Compare.
Return value¶
Iterator past the end of the constructed range.
Complexity¶
Given \(\scriptsize N_1\)N
1 as std::distance(first1, last1) and \(\scriptsize N_2\)N
2 as std::distance(first2, last2):
1,2) At most \(\scriptsize 2 \cdot (N_1+N_2)1\)2⋅(N
1+N
2)1 comparisons using
operator<
(until C++20)
std::less{}
(since C++20).
3,4) At most \(\scriptsize 2 \cdot (N_1+N_2)1\)2⋅(N
1+N
2)1 applications of the comparison function comp.
Exceptions¶
The overloads with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy
report errors as
follows:
* If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an
exception
and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard policies, std::terminate is
called.
For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementationdefined.
* If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.
Possible implementation¶
set_symmetric_difference (1)
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class OutputIt>
OutputIt set_symmetric_difference(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2, OutputIt d_first)
{
while (first1 != last1)
{
if (first2 == last2)
return std::copy(first1, last1, d_first);
if (*first1 < *first2)
*d_first++ = *first1++;
else
{
if (*first2 < *first1)
*d_first++ = *first2;
else
++first1;
++first2;
}
}
return std::copy(first2, last2, d_first);
}
set_symmetric_difference (3)
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class OutputIt, class Compare>
OutputIt set_symmetric_difference(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2,
OutputIt d_first, Compare comp)
{
while (first1 != last1)
{
if (first2 == last2)
return std::copy(first1, last1, d_first);
if (comp(*first1, *first2))
*d_first++ = *first1++;
else
{
if (comp(*first2, *first1))
*d_first++ = *first2;
else
++first1;
++first2;
}
}
return std::copy(first2, last2, d_first);
}
Example¶
// Run this code
#include <algorithm>
#include <iostream>
#include <iterator>
#include <vector>
int main()
{
std::vector<int> v1{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8};
std::vector<int> v2{5, 7, 9, 10};
std::sort(v1.begin(), v1.end());
std::sort(v2.begin(), v2.end());
std::vector<int> v_symDifference;
std::set_symmetric_difference(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v2.begin(), v2.end(),
std::back_inserter(v_symDifference));
for (int n : v_symDifference)
std::cout << n << ' ';
std::cout << '\n';
}
Output:¶
1 2 3 4 6 8 9 10
Defect reports
The following behaviorchanging defect reports were applied retroactively to
previously published C++ standards.
DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 291 C++98 it was unspecified how to handle equivalent specified
elements in the input ranges
See also¶
returns true if one sequence is a subsequence of
includes another
(function template)
set_difference computes the difference between two sets
(function template)
set_union computes the union of two sets
(function template)
set_intersection computes the intersection of two sets
(function template)
ranges::set_symmetric_difference computes the symmetric difference between
two sets
(C++20) (niebloid)
2024.06.10  http://cppreference.com 