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table of contents

std::cyl_bessel_k,std::cyl_bessel_kf,std::cyl_bessel_kl(3) | C++ Standard Libary | std::cyl_bessel_k,std::cyl_bessel_kf,std::cyl_bessel_kl(3) |

# NAME¶

std::cyl_bessel_k,std::cyl_bessel_kf,std::cyl_bessel_kl - std::cyl_bessel_k,std::cyl_bessel_kf,std::cyl_bessel_kl

# Synopsis¶

Defined in header <cmath>

float cyl_bessel_k ( float nu, float x );

*(since C++17)*

double cyl_bessel_k ( double nu, double x ); (until C++23)

long double cyl_bessel_k ( long double nu, long double x );

/* floating-point-type */ cyl_bessel_k( /* floating-point-type

*/ nu, (since C++23)

/* floating-point-type

*/ x ); **(1)**

float cyl_bessel_kf( float nu, float x ); **(2)** *(since C++17)*

long double cyl_bessel_kl( long double nu, long double x ); **(3)**
*(since C++17)*

Additional overloads

Defined in header <cmath>

template< class Arithmetic1, class Arithmetic2 >

/* common-floating-point-type */ (A) *(since C++17)*

cyl_bessel_k( Arithmetic1 nu, Arithmetic2 x );

1-3) Computes the irregular modified cylindrical Bessel function (also known
as

modified Bessel function of the second kind) of nu and x.

The library provides overloads of std::cyl_bessel_k for all cv-unqualified

floating-point types as the type of the parameters nu and x.

(since C++23)

A) Additional overloads are provided for all other combinations of arithmetic
types.

# Parameters¶

nu - the order of the function

x - the argument of the function

# Return value¶

If no errors occur, value of the irregular modified cylindrical
Bessel function

(modified Bessel function of the second kind) of nu and x, is returned, that
is K

nu(x) =

π

2

I

-nu(x)-I

nu(x)

sin(nuπ)

(where I

nu(x) is std::cyl_bessel_i(nu, x)) for x≥0 and non-integer nu; for
integer nu a

limit is used.

# Error handling¶

Errors may be reported as specified in math_errhandling:

* If the argument is NaN, NaN is returned and domain error is not reported.

* If nu≥128, the behavior is implementation-defined.

# Notes¶

Implementations that do not support C++17, but support ISO
29124:2010, provide this

function if __STDCPP_MATH_SPEC_FUNCS__ is defined by the implementation to a
value

at least 201003L and if the user defines __STDCPP_WANT_MATH_SPEC_FUNCS__
before

including any standard library headers.

Implementations that do not support ISO 29124:2010 but support TR 19768:2007
(TR1),

provide this function in the header tr1/cmath and namespace std::tr1.

An implementation of this function is also available in boost.math.

The additional overloads are not required to be provided exactly as (A). They
only

need to be sufficient to ensure that for their first argument num1 and second

argument num2:

* If num1 or num2 has type long double, then std::cyl_bessel_k(num1,

num2) has the same effect as std::cyl_bessel_k(static_cast<long

double>(num1),

static_cast<long double>(num2)).

* Otherwise, if num1 and/or num2 has type double or an integer type,

then std::cyl_bessel_k(num1, num2) has the same effect as (until C++23)

std::cyl_bessel_k(static_cast<double>(num1),

static_cast<double>(num2)).

* Otherwise, if num1 or num2 has type float, then

std::cyl_bessel_k(num1, num2) has the same effect as

std::cyl_bessel_k(static_cast<float>(num1),

static_cast<float>(num2)).

If num1 and num2 have arithmetic types, then std::cyl_bessel_k(num1,

num2) has the same effect as std::cyl_bessel_k(static_cast</*

common-floating-point-type */>(num1),

static_cast</* common-floating-point-type

*/>(num2)), where /* common-floating-point-type */ is the

floating-point type with the greatest floating-point conversion rank

and greatest floating-point conversion subrank between the types of (since
C++23)

num1 and num2, arguments of integer type are considered to have the

same floating-point conversion rank as double.

If no such floating-point type with the greatest rank and subrank

exists, then overload resolution does not result in a usable candidate

from the overloads provided.

# Example¶

// Run this code

#include <cmath>

#include <iostream>

#include <numbers>

int main()

{

double pi = std::numbers::pi;

const double x = 1.2345;

// spot check for nu == 0.5

std::cout << "K_.5(" << x << ") = "
<< std::cyl_bessel_k(.5, x) << '\n'

<< "calculated via I = "

<< (pi / 2) * (std::cyl_bessel_i(-.5, x)

- std::cyl_bessel_i(.5, x)) / std::sin(.5 * pi) << '\n';

}

# Output:¶

K_.5(1.2345) = 0.32823

calculated via I = 0.32823

# See also¶

cyl_bessel_i

cyl_bessel_if

cyl_bessel_il regular modified cylindrical Bessel functions

*(C++17)* *(function)*

*(C++17)*

*(C++17)*

cyl_bessel_j

cyl_bessel_jf

cyl_bessel_jl cylindrical Bessel functions (of the first kind)

*(C++17)* *(function)*

*(C++17)*

*(C++17)*

# External links¶

Weisstein, Eric W. "Modified Bessel Function of the Second
Kind." From MathWorld — A

Wolfram Web Resource.

2024.06.10 | http://cppreference.com |